The First 15

Tuesday February 28, 2023

by Thomas Mitchell


Scripture Reading

Luke 4:1-2

Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, left the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness where for forty days he was tempted by the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and at the end of them he was hungry.


In forty days, Jesus did what Israel could not in forty years—he resisted the temptation to exchange his identity for the promises of the world.

The number forty comes up a few times in the Scriptures, and one of the most memorable is in the story of Israel, wandering for forty years in the wilderness after leaving Egypt.The story of Jesus in the wilderness for forty days—probably told by Jesus directly to his disciples so that they would connect the dots with their people Israel—is intimately connected to that covenant story in the Bible.

Let’s recount it again. Israel, God’s people, were led out of Egypt under the guiding leadership of Moses and Aaron. They saw God’s work in a mighty deliverance through pestilence and plagues. They saw miracles as they plundered the Egyptians (who willingly gave them their treasures), followed pillars of cloud and fire in their escape, and experienced the Red Sea parting before them and closing back on the Egyptian army.

Then, it happened. More disobedience. From grumbling to golden calves, the Israelites found every way possible to disbelieve God’s vocation for them (to reveal his covenant love to the nations of thef earth) and to retreat into their love of food, comfort, and even the arms of their oppressors (sounding familiar to the temptations of Jesus in our story?). Israel failed to keep covenant–hesed, loving-kindness, with Yahweh—thoughYahweh kept his covenant with them.

Jesus will keep the covenant as a representative of his people Israel. He will embody their calling to the nations and will spread the good news they were intended to spread in the world, the Luke 4 calling to preach good news to the poor (“The Spirit of the Lord is on me” [Luke 4:18]).

Israel wandered in the wilderness of Sinai for forty years, forgetting the covenant name God had given them. A blessing on their identity, affection for his people, and affirmation of their value (see Jesus’s baptism for the blessing the Israelites spurned as God’s chosen family).

Jesus went into the wild for forty days, resisting the covenant- killer’s taunts, full of the Holy Spirit and coming out victorious. Jesus did, in microcosm, what Israel could not do—keep covenant withYahweh in their own season of testing.

While you and I don’t need to mark forty days for enemy-resisting in our own lives—as we don’t have the same mantle as Jesus—we can mark off times on the calendar as seasons for reorienting. What if we marked the calendar this year, even for just a long weekend or week, to meet with our Creator to renew our covenant relationship, resist the devil, and to come out oriented for the next season of our lives?


If you took out your calendar now and planned a private retreat to get away and meet with Jesus, reaffirming your devotion to him, learning at his feet, and remembering who you are in him, where would you go and for how long?

Closing Prayer

Lord of the Wild, thank you for leading the way in doing what Israel could not do, and modeling both covenant love and intentional practices of devotion in a season of being set apart. Guide us in our own planning of a shorter number of days for a yearly retreat or quarterly getaway to devote to remembering who we are in you. In Jesus’s name, amen.

Songs for the Wilderness

Today we will sing “Egypt” by Bethel which you can find here. Subscribe to our Spotify playlist featuring all of our Songs for the Wilderness here.

First 15 through the season of Lent is adapted from Jesus in the Wild: Lessons of Calling for Life in the World available through Seedbed. If you or your small group are interested in using this resource for your Lenten study, you can find more information here or send an email to

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